An elephant’s trunk is composed of 6 muscle groups which can be subdivided into 100,000 individual muscles, and the elephant shows considerable dexterity in by using this extensive power network. In India, law enforcement officers assist elephants to maneuver illegally parked cars. The elephant wraps its trunk around the offending auto and moves it out of the way. On one other end of the spectrum, elephants have enough control over their power to help you grasp and lift a fresh egg with the trunk without breaking the shell. An elephants uses the fingerlike projections at the end of its trunk to scratch itchy skin behind its ears or to wipe dust from its eyes. A mother elephant guides her youngster using her trunk the way in which a shepherd uses a staff to corral sheep, nudging the baby gently underneath her body if she spots a predator, or pushing him along with the rest of the herd toward food or water. She also steers her child by grabbing its tail with her trunk and shifting to the right or left.
An elephant’s trunk also serves as a straw or even a hose. An elephant fills its trunk with as much as 5 quarts of water and then empties it into its mouth to be able to drink. Elephants also cool off with mud baths, scooping wet soil from the river bottom and flinging it onto their hot skin. When an elephant goes swimming, it uses its trunk as a snorkel.
When elephants need certainly to speak with others in the herd, both the trunk and the ears are accustomed to telegraph emotions. Raising the trunk indicates excitement or danger, making trumpeting sounds with the trunk is really a sign of joy (especially when followed closely by flapping ears), and sniffing an object followed closely by placing the end of the trunk in the mouth shows curiosity. Like cats, elephants exhibit the Flehmen response if they detect strange scents utilizing the Jacobsons organ that is situated in the roof of its mouth. Scents tell the elephant whose been prowling in its territory. When other elephants view a herd member having an apparent sneer on its face, they understand that something interesting has been discovered in the area.
Elephants use their ears as air conditioners. Elephants’ears include a network of blood vessels that expand during summer and allow body heat to escape. Cooled blood returns to your body, effectively bringing the elephant’s core temperature down. Elephants thrust out their ears when they need to relax, and often face toward the prevailing winds in order to gain the utmost cooling effectation of the passing breezes.
The multitasking elephant listens having its feet along with its ears. When an elephant speaks, it generates a low-pitched rumbling sound that is nearly inaudible but that sends vibrations through the earth. Other elephants have the message through their toes. These seismic messages can travel several miles, offering elephant herds the equivalent of telegraph.
And what allows the elephant to go silently over the Savannah? Elephants have a spongy layer of skin on the feet that is similar to the sole of a good pair of sneakers. Like sneakers, this layer also acts as a form of shock absorber, allowing a dog weighing several tons to walk or run without jarring its joints.